Rare Sea Chart of Australia, Southeast Asia and the Indian Ocean
Rare early pair of sea charts of Australia, the Indian Ocean and contiguous regions from China to Africa and the Middle East, first published by the Hendrick Doncker in Amsterdam in his De Zee-Atlas of Water-Werelt . . . in 1669.
The charts illustrate the Dutch sphere of influence in Southeast Asia and Australia. The charts include details of the Dutch discoveries in Australia of Hartog (1616); Houtman (1619); the Leeuwin (1622) and Carstenszoon (1623); as well as de Wits (1628); and Tasmans second voyage in 1644 (Northern Australia) and Peter Nuyts exploits (1627).
The charts are relatively close copies of an equally rare pair of charts by Johannes van Loon, first published in 1661 and by Jacob and Casper Theunis Jacobsz in about 1666, who took the name Lootsman (sea pilot) to avoid confusion with another Amsterdam publisher of the name Jacobsz.
Both the Van Loon and Jacobsz charts are in turn based on an earlier set of sea charts first published by Hendrick Doncker in 1660, although the charts are now oriented such that the map extends a bit further to the South and West.
This is Doncker's second charting of the region covering Australia, the Philippines, Indian Ocean, etc., the first dating to 1660: /gallery/detail/43304 . While the charts look similar at first look, a closer comparison of the two charts shows that Doncker has in fact made major updates throughout the map, most notably:
- Australia: The southwestern coastline has been revised.
- Java etc.: The shape of Java is revised and the islands to the east significantly updated.
- Borneo: The shape of Borneo is significantly revised.
- Philippines: The islands are significantly revised, most notable Mindanao and Luconia (Luzon).
- Taiwan: The shape of the island is significantly revised.
- South China Sea: The shape of Hainan and the coastline of northern Viet Nam is significantly altered.
- Cambodia/South Vietnam: Cambodia now named and the coastal features changed.
- Siam: The river system has been removed.
- Malaca/Sumatra: The shape and contour are significantly revised.
- Ceylon: Significantly reduced size and shape revised.
- Bengal/East Indian Coastline: Completely revised coastline.
- West Indian Coastline: Orientation revised.
- Gujarat Coastline: Significantly revised--islands removed.
- Gulf of Oman/Yemen: Coastal shape revised and re-oriented.
- Persian Gulf: Shape and coastal features heavily revised.
- Red Sea: Coastal shape and orientation revised.
- Madagascar: Shape and orientation revised.
- Mozambique Coastline: Heavily revised.
The charts are very rare on the market.