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Abraham Ortelius:  Tabula Itineraria Ex Illustri Peutingerorum Biblitheca Quae Augustae Vindel. Est Beneficio Marci Velseri Septemviri Augustani In Lucem Edita.

Maps of the World

Title: Tabula Itineraria Ex Illustri Peutingerorum Biblitheca Quae Augustae Vindel. Est Beneficio Marci Velseri Septemviri Augustani In Lucem Edita.

Map Maker: Abraham Ortelius

Place / Date: Antwerp / 1598 (1624)

Coloring: Hand Colored

Size: 20.5 x 15.5 (each) inches

Condition: VG

Price: SOLD

Inventory ID: 51066


The Peutinger Table --  The Imperial & Post Roads of the Roman Empire

Fine example of Abraham Ortelius's 4 sheet map of the Peutinger Table, based upon a 13th Century manuscript document once owned by Konrad Peutinger, which now resides in the Austrian National Library in Vienna. 

Tabula Peutingeriana or Peutinger Table, is an illustrated itinerarium (an ancient Roman road map) showing the layout of the cursus publicus, the road network of the Roman Empire.  The original surviving map is a 13th-century parchment copy of an earlier Roman original, made in the 4th or 5th Century AD, copied from an even earlier original.  The map includes all of Europe, other than the Iberian Peninsula and the British Isles, along with North Africa, and parts of Asia (including the Middle East, Persia, and India).

The map is generally believed to be a surviving descendant of a map prepared under the direction of Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, a Roman general and architect, and friend and ally of emperor Augustus whose rule coincided with the beginning of the first millenium. After Agrippa's death in 12 BC, that map was engraved in marble and put on display in the Porticus Vipsania in the Campus Agrippae area in Rome, close to the Ara Pacis building.

The early imperial dating for the surviving manuscript map is supported by American historian Glen Bowersock, and is based on numerous details of Roman Arabia that are not consistent with a 4th-century map. Bowersock concluded that the original source is likely the map made by Vipsanius Agrippa. This dating is also consistent with the map's inclusion of the Roman town of Pompeii near modern-day Naples, which was never rebuilt after it had been destroyed in an eruption of Mount Vesuvius in AD 79.

The surviving manuscript and Ortelius's map shows the city of Constantinople, founded in 328, and Ravenna, seat of the Western Roman Empire from 402 to 476, which suggests a fifth-century revision. The presence of certain cities of Germania Inferior that were destroyed in the mid-fifth century also provides the map's latest likely creation date.

The original in the Vienna National Library is heavily damaged.  Abraham Ortelius commissioned manuscript copies of the original, which were made in 1598 and supervised the engraving of this 4 sheet edition of the map, but did not live to its final publication.  Because of the damage to the original, Ortelius's 4 sheet engraving is generally considered to be the best surviving representation of the original Roman map.

If joined, the 8 strips shown on the map would reach approximately 4 meters (about 13.3 feet) long. 

Konrad Peutinger

Konrad Peutinger (1465 – 1547) was a German humanist, jurist, diplomat, politician, and economist.  He served as a senior official in the municipal government of the Imperial City of Augsburg, and as a counselor to Emperor Maximilian I and his successor Charles V.  Peutinger was also one of the most famous antiquarian collectors of his time, forming one of the largest private libraries north of the Alps.

Condition Description: 4 sheets. Margins extended at left and right sides.

Related Categories:
Maps of Europe
Maps of Europe
Maps of the World
Maps of the World

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