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Giacomo Gastaldi / Giovanni Battista Ramusio:  La Nuova Francia

Maps of New England (Maine, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Vermont, New Hampshire)


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Title: La Nuova Francia

Map Maker: Giacomo Gastaldi /  Giovanni Battista Ramusio

Place / Date: Venice / 1556

Coloring: Uncolored

Size: 14.5 x 10.5 inches

Condition: VG+

Price: $11,500.00

Inventory ID: 49628mb


Description:

The First Printed Map of the New England and New France

Nice example of the  first printed map devoted to New England and New France, showing the eastern seaboard from New York Bay to the Gulf of St. Lawrence, which appeared in Ramusio's highly important work.

The map is the first to use the name New France and one of the earliest to delineate New York Harbor and Manhattan with any accuracy. It has been called the best surviving early map to illustrate Verrazano's discovery of New York Harbor. (Cohen & Augustyn).  The map is based on the voyages of Giovanni da Verrazano in 1524 and Jacques Cartier in 1534. Verrazano sailed up the eastern coast discovering Ney York Harbor on the way, with this monumental event graphically depicted on the map.

The map was compiled by Giacomo Gastaldi for Giovanni Ramusio’s Navigationi et Viaggi, the third volume of which focused on American explorations. It reflects Gastaldi’s attempt to synthesize information from the voyages of Verrazano and Cartier.

New York Harbor is delineated in the low left, with Manhattan pictured as a peninsula named Angoulesme. This name, which Verrazano bestowed on his discovery, refers to Francis I's title before he became king. This name never was picked up for general usage and soon disappeared from maps. From New York, Verrazano continued further north, visiting Newport Bay, here called Port Real, and Narragansett Bay, named as Port du Refuge. Verrazano skirted the New England coast further north, which is why the map is missing the familiar shape of Cape Cod and also the reason that the distance between the bays of southern New England and the islands around the Gulf of St. Lawrence is so foreshortened.

The northern region around the St. Lawrence is based on Cartier's voyage. Terra Nuova (Newfoundland) is shown as comprised of several islands and the St. Lawrence River is depicted running west from the Gulf, eventually meeting with the Hudson River north of Angouleme. This may reflect a mixed up belief that Cartier and Verrazano met while exploring these rivers.

The map is the first cartographic depiction of the northeast by itself and it is based on the earliest explorations in the region.  The map’s coastal geography closely resembles the northeastern section of Gastaldi's Tierra Nueva, published in 1548, which is much smaller and covers a wider swath of the North American Coastline, doing so with significantly less detail than Ramusio's map.  

One unique feature of Ramusio's map is the long mass running across the bottom of the map and then upwards on the right side.  The most likely explanation is that this is a depiction of the Grand Banks, but it has also been suggested that this may be the Gulf Stream.  

The map also provides a rich tapestry of images depicting the indigenous Indians, showing scenes from their daily lives, along with a look at the Cod Fisheries in the northeastern portion of the map, a glimpse at the first European industry in the New World, one which many believe pre-dated Columbus' first voyage. 

The present example is from the first state of the map, issued in 1556.  The printing block was destroyed in a fire, with the second plate issued in 1565, and later re-issued in 1606.


References: Cohen and Augustyn, Manhattan in Maps, p. 18. Burden 25; Augustyn & Cohen p.18; McCorckle 556.1; Kershaw 15b; Verner & Stuart-Stubbs 2; Goss 8; Suarez 26; Potter p.241.


Related Categories:
Maps of Canada
Maps of New England (Maine, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Vermont, New Hampshire)